I don’t know if you’ve ever wondered why we have so many cups when we serve communion. They are the four cups of the passover. This comes out of the Old Testament as the children of God would remember what God had done for them to carry them out of the bondage from Egypt and into the promised land. God would watch over them and declare them His people. And so when they would gather for the Passover, the remembering of that night where because of the blood of a lamb spread on the door of God’s people, they were rescued and they were saved.
Well those are the four cups of the Passover. The ones that we use.
The first cup was the Cup of Consecration. This was the cup that was celebrated because out of Deuteronomy 6 it said I will bring you out of the land of Egypt and I will free you as my own. When we drink of the first cup it means that God is reminding us that we belong to him no matter where we are, no matter how difficult and painful the situation is, no matter how much we become a slave to the things of this world, God says you are mine. You belong to me and I will bring you out.
When we drink of the first cup it means that God is reminding us that we belong to him no matter where we are, no matter how difficult and painful the situation is, no matter how much we become a slave to the things of this world, God says you are mine. You belong to me and I will bring you out.@ Doug Dommer
He goes on to the Second Cup which is the Cup of Deliverance and there He will say I have delivered you out of bondage, the bondage of the yoke of slavery. It’s the bondage you and I can easily relate to. It’s the bondage we often feel in our life towards sin, towards the compulsive behaviors that take us far away. He says I am the one who frees you from bondage.
Then Jesus would have taken the cup on the night of the Passover that He celebrates with the disciples and He would have broken it. I don’t know if you’ve ever noticed this but this wafer never breaks even because in the tradition of the children of Israel, there was a greater and a lesser. The greater was always taken and hidden, hidden away until the day that God would reveal the Bread of Life. The one who came as the Paschal Bread who would indicate that He was the Savior of the world. So they would take the smaller piece of bread and they would begin to break it and distribute amongst themselves.
And then Jesus would that night pick up the greater bread and he would identify Himself to his disciples as now the Lamb of God the Paschal Bread, the Living Bread from heaven because He would say take and eat, this is My body which is given for you, do this in remembrance of me. And in that moment the disciples would know for sure that Jesus was the promised Messiah because only the Messiah would take the greater bread and break it and claim it as Himself. And then after the supper, Jesus would then point to the third cup.
This is the Cup of Redemption. Here he says I have redeemed you, I have redeemed you with my outstretched hand. And He is telling them take and drink for this is My blood, shed for you for the forgiveness of your sins as often as you drink this, remember Me. At this moment the disciples would know that this Paschal Lamb that the entire Old Testament would point to, that Jesus has now identified Himself as the Living Bread. Now, He is identifying Himself as the perfect lamb that would be slain and His blood would be spilled for them.
And then He would finish with the last cup which was the Cup of Protection, where He says I will be with you and I will be your God. It is this particular cup that the Gospels record for us that Jesus does not drink from. He says I will not drink with you with this cup until we drink together in heaven because He knew He had another cup that was awaiting Him.
It was the Cup of Ezekiel, the cup where God promises that one day He will take all of the wrath and all of the anger and all of the hatred He has for sin, and He will pour out His full measure of wrath upon the one who is the one who would be Redeemer. I don’t know if you’ve ever realized this but Jesus took this cup. This is the cup He talked about when He was in the Garden of Gethsemane. He is saying Father if there is any other way, remove this cup from me, the cup of Your wrath and of Your abandonment. But the Bible tells us He took this cup and drank it full to the cross of Calvary, and He experienced all the pain and suffering that you and I should have. And He took that cup and He drank all of the wrath and the judgment of God upon us.
So when you come to this altar, this cup always is empty.
Because the wrath of God that was meant for us, poured upon His Son, was strengthened; drank fully. So when you come to this table you will never know the wrath of God, because Jesus drank it. You will never know the judgment of God because Jesus took it. And when you come to this table, you will know that God has called you by name and He is yours.
Because the wrath of God that was meant for us, poured upon His Son, was strengthened; drank fully. So when you come to this table you will never know the wrath of God, because Jesus drank it.@Doug Dommer
He has delivered you from whatever bondage you have, He has redeemed you and forgiven you, and He protects you. So come to the Table of the Lord.